What is Biometric Surveillance? And why is it so important?

calendar_month February 21, 2022

What is Biometric Surveillance? And why is it so important?

Biometric surveillance refers to the use of biometric security software for automatically recognizing people based on their biological characteristics. The most used biometric technology is fingerprint recognition.

What are the different types of biometric security?

Biometrics can be sub-divided into three groups:

Biological biometrics

Biological biometrics use molecular or genetic level traits, such as your blood or DNA. It can only be assessed only by taking a sample from your body.

Morphological biometrics

Morphological traits involve physical traits such as fingerprint, retina, or face shape that can be mapped to use with security scanners.

Behavioral biometrics

Behavioral biometrics are based on certain unique behavioral patterns, such as the way you walk or talk.

Why is biometric security important?

The Internet of Things is everywhere. It comprises all things connected to the Internet. In the modern world, more and more devices are getting connected to the Internet, such as smart refrigerators, smart security systems, fitness trackers, and more. Besides these, there are other devices, such as your smartphone, smartwatch, laptop, and more are constantly sending and receiving information.

Keeping this data secure is crucial to prevent unauthorized access. However, passwords may not be sufficient to keep these safe since many people use the same password for multiple devices. It makes them prone to hacking because human error cannot be ruled out. Relying solely on passwords can be extremely risky because they can be easily cracked or stolen.

For organizations, biometric security devices are extremely important to protect computers, servers, and other assets. They cannot afford to grant unauthorized individuals access to their systems or networks due to financial, legal, and reputational repercussions.

Companies use biometric security, such as fingerprint scanning, because it only allows access to the person with matching fingerprints.

What does the future of biometric security look like?

Considering the popularity of biometric security, it will not be wrong to say that biometric security is the future of digital security systems. Even the Windows 10 platform has incorporated a biometric security platform.

Technology companies aren’t the only ones to use biometric security. It is being used in many industries to capture attendance, track login hours, and prevent unauthorized access to systems. For instance, the Yankee Stadium has announced the “Fast Access,” their new handprint scanner. Users will be required to register beforehand so that they can pass through security checks much faster.

Airports, railway stations, and many other public places are also using biometric surveillance extensively. In a connected world, protecting devices from security breaches is of utmost importance, and biometric security is essential for that.

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